Did you know? 75-90% of human health disorders is related to the activation of stress system!! (Liu, Want & Jiang, 2017)
The festive season is just around the corner! Somehow it can be a rather stressful 'holiday' season, too. It is also a time for a reflection looking back this year, what we have achieved and looking into a new year… Just like planning for the festive season's activities, it’s good to have a health (physical & mental) plan so that we can manage life easier! Have you thought of your monthly & weekly health plan by any chance?
It is well-established by many clinical studies that stress is associated with the body losing its ability to regulate the inflammatory response and elevate inflammatory activity (Slavich & Irwin, 2014). 75-90% of human health disorders is related to the activation of stress system (Liu, Want & Jiang, 2017). It affects neuroendocrine; “stress hormone” release and suppresses the immune system (Liu, Want & Jiang, 2017; Quan & Banks, 2007). The imbalance of immune system and stress induced inflammation can lead to chronic low-grade inflammation resulting in various chronic illness such as cardiovascular diseases including hypertension and atherosclerosis, metabolic diseases e.g. diabetes, obesity, psychotic and neurodegenerative disorders such as depression, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, as well as various cancer (Liu, Want & Jiang, 2017; Slavich & Irwin, 2014). Of course inflammation is multifactorial and genetic predisposition, age and life style can also influence (Liu, Want & Jiang, 2017), however what if we can do something about reducing stress, would that help our health?
Reflexology is one of the top complementary medicine in the UK (McCullough et al, 2014) though it looks to be it is not as widely utilised in Australia as yet. Although scientific evidence is still catching up with anecdotal evidence backed up with a long history (many centuries) of practice, a systematic review concluded “a number of factors are at work, both of a physiological and psychological nature and that reflexology is what it attests to be, a treatment that seeks to enhance and harmonise the mind, body, and spirit” (McCullough et al, 2014). Another systematic review stated: Reflexology is effective for general well-being maintenance, treatment of chronic diseases and stress (Embong et al, 2015).
As you know well, reflexology is like having an induced meditation & a full body maintenance while parts of your body (foot or face) are worked on in the safe space. Such a delicious profound deep healing moment... After your treatment, you will feel relaxed, energised and centred... Remember that blissful feelings?!
Now is a great opportunity to plan your year, your month and your week! Make a start, bring on some professional support for your team and commit to it! Create your health routine and structure your week, that is vital to a centred, balanced and successful everyday life! It can all start with maintaining our health by reducing stress!
Please take care of yourself by making sure to have a time for yourself everyday no matter how little & plan your treatment sessions for your health including self-reflexology! If we wish to be kind to others, own self is a good place to start with.
May your holiday season be blessed with happiness, love and health. Also sending you much love and healing to those who are grieving too. Warmest blessings with much gratitude...
Christmas Eve Gift!🎄
If you book in for a facial reflexology or Japanese Cosmo Facelift session on Monday 24th December, 15 min complimentary foot reflexology will be added on to your treatment as our Christmas gift for you 🎁
Get ready for social occasions with calmness and the luminous skin!
To celebrate the World Reflexology Week, we are offering taster foot reflexology sessions! (20min/$20). Advance booking is available (prepaid), otherwise you can walk in to see if any slot is available on the day 😉
Monday 24th September 11:00-15:00 at West End clinic
Saturday 29th September 11:00- 15:00 at South Brisbane clinic
Previously we looked at 3 Rs. There are other common words that are mentioned after reflexology sessions: Calm, Centred and Clear.
Our clients often comment how calm and centred they feel after their treatments. They also mention how they feel they can think and see things more clearly.
Have you ever experienced a good meditation session and found something similar?🧘♀️ Reflexology often invites us to a meditative state while receiving treatments. It’s a little like having a guided meditation without words. When the mind calms down, clarity appears and with that we feel much more centred. Or perhaps centred-ness brings out clarity. Reflexology can provide us that safe space to calm the stream of thought of everyday life.😌
To look for good reflexology treatments, please look up your local Reflexology Association’s Directory for fully qualified reflexologists 😉
The 3 Rs post is here 😉 https://m.facebook.com/550546588290894/photos/a.552472151431671.132515.550546588290894/1893301084015431/?type=3&source=48
At the end of Aromatherapy Awareness Week, let’s have a look at essential oils safety on infants and young children from slightly different angles. Whilst the qualities of essential oils are important, the basic metabolic pathways cannot be neglected when talking about using essential oils safely, as with other natural medicine such as food (!) and/or conventional ones.
The need for a dosage rules for medicines for children existed from the 8th century; age-based Dilling’s rule (Bone & Mills, 2013; Lack & Stuart-Taylor, 1997). Weight-based rule came along in the 1930s by A.J. Clark of Endiburgh (Bone & Mills, 2013; Lack & Stuart-Taylor, 1997). Bartelink et al (2006) recommend it for 2-6 months of age. The British National Formulary and major text books recommend body surface area (BSA) to be used for calculation of drug dosages for children (Bone & Mills, 2013; Lack & Stuart-Taylor, 1997). It may be appropriate after 6-months of age according to Bartelink et al (2006). Paediatirc dosing is complex: pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and dose requirements are not clearly understood, and more research is needed (Lu & Rosenbaum, 2014).
Why do we need different dosages for children? It’s because our little people are not quite the same as small version of adults. Their physiology and biochemistry are very different from us, adults and they are very vulnerable (Lu & Rosenbaum, 2014; WHO, 2010). Their bodies are growing especially during the first 2 years of life (Lu & Rosenbaum, 2014). Maturation of hepatic enzymes and physiological maturation of organ systems are some of the factors that differentiate infants and children from adults (Bryant & Knights, 2011). Now let’s have a look briefly at pharmacokinetics of infants & young children, keep in mind the use of essential oils by inhalation and topical application 😉
Infants and young children have the thin skin: stratum corneum that greatly enhance permeability and topical absorption (Lu & Rosenbaum, 2014: WHO, 2010). They have better hydration of the epidermis (Lu & Rosenbaum, 2014: WHO, 2010) and although there are exceptions, increased tissue hydration generally appears to increase transdermal delivery of both hydrophilic and lipophilic permeant (Williams & Barry, 2003). Larger surface area in proportion to body mass means they are facing more risks of systemic absorption from topical application (Bryant & Knights, 2011: Furue et al, 2003). The mucus barrier plays an important protection against foreign particles and chemicals entering the lung (Lillehoj & Chul Kim, 2002), however Neonates’ lungs lack much of it (Bryant & Knights, 2011).
Their total body water and fat composition are significantly different from those of adults. Total body water alters from approximately 80% of body weight at birth, down to 65% at 12 months, and 50-60% for adults (Bryant & Knights, 2011; Lu & Rosenbaum, 2014; WHO, 2010). Their total fat content is about 1-3% of body weight in premature infants, 10-15% in full-term neonates, 20-30% at 1 year old and about 18% in the average adult (Lu & Rosenbaum, 2014; WHO, 2010). Neonates and infants’ tend to have reduced protein binding, that may cause an increased distribution of medicine from the plasma to the rest of the body (Lu & Rosenbaum, 2014). WHO (2010) stated that the blood-brain barrier is functionally incomplete in the neonate and lipid-solubility of substance determines the rate of penetration into the brain.
Substances are metabolised in the liver, and its primary purpose is to make substances more water-soluble to enhance renal excretion (Lu & Rosenbaum, 2014). The liver of a 3-month-old has about one-third of the overall biotransformation capacity of those of adults (Cresteil, 2009). The delayed maturation of hepatic enzyme function in infants and young children means slower clearance and prolonged renal elimination, that may lead to increase toxicity of some medicine (Bryant & Knights, 2011; Cresteil, 2009). By the time the infant is 12 months, drug absorption, distribution and excretion are similar to that of an adult except hepatic metabolism, which is an age-dependent (Bryant & Knights, 2011). Children under 10 years have increased hepatic clearance as their liver is proportionally larger to body weight than in adult (Bryant & Knights, 2011; Cresteil, 2009; WHO, 2010).
Excretion of medicines by the kidney has 3 processes: glomerular filtration, tubular excretion and tubular reabsorption (Lu & Rosenbaum, 2014). Around 3 to 6 months of age, their glomerular filtration rate in the kidney reaches adult capacity but tubular function does not mature until around 12 months old (Bryant & Knights, 2011: Lu & Rosenbaum, 2014; WHO, 2010). Generally the lower the gestational age of infant, the longer the half-lives of medicine will be (Lu & Rosenbaum, 2014; WHO, 2010). The delay in the development of tubular functions may cause variable effect on medicine’s clearance (Lu & Rosenbaum, 2014). Apparently Paracelsus, the father of toxicology said “All things are poison and nothing is without poison. Soley the dose determines that a thing is not a poison” (Grandjean, 2016). Dosage needs to be matched to the maturity of the elimination process in children during the first year and it is best to avoid unnecessary exposure to drugs or chemicals (Cresteil, 2009).
When using essential oils on infants and young children, please take above points into considerations and know how to handle essential oils with due respect. 🙏 There is a good general guidelines for the essential dosage for different age groups by Tisserand Institute (please see the image) 😊 Please remember some essential oils are gentler on the mucus membranes and the skin. If you wish to use essential oils safely, please seek professional advice from your local qualified aromatherapists, who have been trained in clinical aromatherapy with a minimum qualification of Diploma of Aromatherapy (HLT51407) or equivalencies.
Image: StockSnap and Tisserand Institute http://tisserandinstitute.org/…/recommended-dilutions-for-…/
What could reflexology do for us?!
It’s great to read scientific evidence yet anecdotal evidence can be verifiable especially when you hear the similar things over and over from different people! (& around the world!)
Here is a typical example of reflexology experience described by one of our clients today:
“I have gotten so much out of your sessions!! I always come away feeling revived and revitalised, and relaxed!!! So that is very much a good thing!!!”
We hear those three Rs so many times!: Revived, Revitalised and Relaxed! 😌 In short, that’s what reflexology does (along with many other good things)!
If you are new to reflexology, please look up your local qualified reflexologists on the reflexology association’s practitioner directories. Practitioners who are registered with a reflexology association (anywhere in the world) are VERY serious about the modality and offer high quality reflexology!!
Let Reflexology revive, revitalise and relax us!!
This article was originally published on our FB page on 19 March 2018
Copyright 2018 Tree of Life: Reflexology, Aromatherapy & Reiki. All Rights Reserved.
Stress management/Relaxation is one of the key elements for wellbeing 😉 Reflexology is known for promoting profound relaxation and reducing stress (Embong et al, 2015). Often times we tend to drift off during reflexology session, experience deep relaxation and meditative state. It is almost like mindfulness practice and quality deep rest are induced by reflexology so easily. So how does relaxation/stress reduction contributes to our health?
According to Medical dictionary (Oxford, 2010), stress is any factor that pressures the health of the body or has an unfavourable effect on its functioning - that includes worry for instance - and the existence of one form of stress tends to diminish resistance to other forms.
Constant stress generates changes in the balance of hormones in the body. We know about stress hormones, right? Well, the body is ‘clever’ and gradually finds stability through physiological change to stress, that is called allostasis and changes a set point with narrower range, shifts towards abnormal ranges of homeostasis and functions at an elevated or reduced level which in turn causes a strain on interdependent systems (McEwen and Wingfield, 2010; Juster, McEwen & Lupien, 2010).
As Juster, McEzen & Lupien’s review (2010) states, prolonged chronic psychosocial stress that causes allostatic overload is a path to diseases that compromises neuroendocrine, immune, metabolic and cardiovascular system functioning and has impact on healthy ageing and cognition😣 In short, it’s concluded that reducing allostatic load promotes health!
So what can we do to support our life-long resiliency against allostatic load? Many things!! Such as having healthier diet and good social support, doing exercises, improving sleep qualities etc… (Juster, McEwen & Lupien, 2010) and may we add that reflexology (and aromatherapy & reiki) could also support the process! And guess what? With so much pleasure!! (Ta-da!!!)
It is rather simple! We receive reflexology treatment ➡️ it promotes relaxation ➡️ and reduce stress level ➡️ helps prevent overloading of allostatic load ➡️ helps maintain homeostasis ➡️ helps prevent diseases ➡️ helps happy ageing! (we age everyday!) And please keep in mind, as you often see on reflexology maps, that reflexology deals with the whole bodily organs and systems😉
So why don’t we set our routine reflexology treatment in our lives? Firstly, we can all do our self-reflexology before bed or in the bath or however it works with your daily life. It is also very beneficial to have regular reflexology sessions with your local qualified reflexologist (preferably a member of reflexology association – they are VERY serious about reflexology 😊) Also, please feel free to discuss with your reflexologist about the most achievable plan for your needs! One of the purposes of having professional treatments are not for causing more stress (!) but rather reducing stress levels efficiently!!
Let’s enjoy reflexology ‘treat’ment and optimise our health!
Photo from pixabay: Marisa_Sias
*We are happy if you wish to share any of our posts as long as your posts clearly refer back to us :) Please refrain yourself from copying, alternating contents a little and publishing them as your own posts, that has sadly happened in the past. Academic dishonesty is an ethical offence. Yes, our posts may be ‘just’ FB posts, but we do spend much time and energy on research for our little articles. Hope you enjoy reading them💖🙏
The original article was posted to FB page on 8 February 2018
Copyright 2018 Tree of Life: Reflexology, Aromatherapy & Reiki. All Rights Reserved.